Various Cultures in Indonesia

The various unique culture of Indonesia is already famous around the world. In addition, Indonesia also earned the nickname of the Emerald of the Equator. Its culture was already internationally, coupled with the increasing nan province in Indonesia to date has amounted to 34 provinces. It certainly makes more diverse our culture.

Today it is hard work that takes a variety of Indonesian culture can be preserved. The vast area of Indonesia from Sabang to Merauke make us rich in culture.

To know more about the various cultures of Indonesia, let us visit every island in Indonesia. Indonesian culture is actually no less with the culture from the outside, but it is unfortunate the majority of Indonesia's population is more proud of the foreign culture.


Before knowing the various cultures of Indonesia, it helps us to know what is culture. In everyday language, culture means limited to things like temples nan Latif, dance, visual art, sound art, literature, and philosophy. The definition of anthropology far more wide-ranging nature and scope. 

According to anthropology, culture is a holistic system of ideas, actions and man's work in the context of community life nan used to study human self-owned. Meanwhile, the culture itself means that the idea of the mind and the power someone for doing something.

Indonesia is a country that is very rich culture. Each island consists of several provinces have different cultures. Each tribe has its own language, customs house, dance, folk songs, traditional clothes, traditional ceremonies, traditional food, etc. As noted below, we will try to discuss a variety of Indonesian culture:

A. Various Cultures in Sumatera Island


The island earned the nickname Suwarnadwipa ( golden island ) or Suvarnabhumi ( land of gold ), the uniqueness of the various cultures can be seen below.

a. Custom home 
  1. Aceh: Rumoh Aceh
  2. North Sumatera: Jabo Balon
  3. West Sumatera: Rumah Gadang
  4. South Sumatera: Rumah Limas
  5. Riau: Rumah Adat Melayu Selaso Jatuh Kembar, Lontiok
  6. Jambi: Rumah Panggung
  7. Lampung: Nuwo Sesaat
  8. Bengkulu: Bubungan Limas
b. Dance
  1. Aceh: Tari Bines, Didong, Tari Guel, Tari Mesekat, Tari Rateb Meuseukat, Tari Saman, Tari Seudati, Tari Laweut, Tari Likok Pulo, Tari Pho, Tari Rapa'i Geleng, Tari Ula-ula Lembing, dan Tari Pukat.
  2. North Sumatera: Tortor, Tari Sapu Tangan, Tari Adok, Tari Anak, Tari Pahlawan, Tari Lagu Duo, Tari Perak, dan Famaena.
  3. West Sumatera: Tari Piring, Tari Payung, Tari Indang, Tari Pasambahan, dan Tari Lilin.
  4. Riau: Zapin, Rentak Bulian dan Serampang Dua Belas.
  5. Kepulauan Riau: Madah Gurindam'
  6. Jambi: Sekapur Sirih, Selampit Delapan, dan Rangguk.
  7. Bengkulu: Tari Andun, Bidadei Teminang, dan Tari Kejei.
  8. South Sumatera: Gending Sriwijaya, Bekhusek, Tanggai
  9. Kepulauan Bangka Belitung: Tari Campak.
  10. Lampung: Bandana, Sembah, Tayuhan, Sigegh, dan Labu Kayu.
c. Folk Song
  1. Aceh: B ungong Jeumpa dan Lembah Alas.
  2. North Sumatera: Piso Surit, Anju Ahu, Bungo Bangso, Cikala Le Pongpong, Bungo Bangso, Butet, Dago Inang Sarge, Lisoi, Madekdek Magambiri, Mariam Tomong, Nasonang Dohita Nadua, Rambadia, Sengko-Sengko, Siboga Tacinto, Sinanggar Tulo, Sing Sing So, dan Tapian Nauli.
  3. Riau: Soleram, Kebangkitan Melayu, Tanjung Katung, Bungo Cempako, Lancang kuning, Ayam Putih Pungguk, Makan Sirih, Uyang Bagan Tak Ondak Belaya, Mak Long, Tuanku Tambusai, Pak Ngah Balek, Puteri Tujuh, Dedap Durhaka, dan Kutang Barendo.
  4. West Sumatera: Ayam Den Lapeh, Barek Solok, Dayung Palinggam, Kambanglah Bungo, Kampuang Nan Jauh Di Mato, Ka Parak Tingga, Malam Baiko, Kampuang yang Jauh di Mato, Kambanglah Bungo, Indang Sungai Garinggiang, dan Rang Talu.
  5. South Sumatera: Cuk Mak Ilang, Dek Sangke, Gending Sriwijaya, Kabile-bile, dan Tari Tanggai.
  6. Jambi: Batanghari, Soleram, Injit-Injit Semut, Pinang Muda, dan Selendang Mayang.
  7. Bengkulu: Lalan Belak.
  8. Lampung: Lipang Lepangdang.

B. Various Cultures in Java Island and Bali


Java Island earned the nickname Jawadwipa (island rice). There are some provinces in the island and a lot of cultural diversity. The various culture of Indonesia in Java and Bali are as follows:

a. Custom home
  1. Central Java: Joglo
  2. East Java: Joglo
  3. DI Yogyakarta: Joglo
  4. West Java: Kasepuhan
  5. Bali: Natar
b. Dance
  1. DKI Jakarta: Topeng dan Yapong.
  2. West Java: Bangbarongan, Bengberokan, Jaipongan, Tari Cikeruhan, Tari Topeng Cirebon, Tari Topeng Priangan, Kuda lumping, dan Reog (Sunda).
  3. Central Java: Ebeg, Topeng Ireng, Kuda lumping, Tari Topeng Sinok, Tari Topeng Brebes, dan Reog (Banjarharjo).
  4. East Java: Tari Remo, Kuda lumping, Reog (Ponorogo)
  5. Yogyakarta: Tari Golek Menak dan Kuda lumping.
  6. Bali: Joged Bumbung, Gambuh, Kecak, Legong, Sanghyang, Tari Bali, Tari Jangger, Tari Pendet, dan Tari Rejang.
c. Folk Song
  1. Jakarta: Kicir-kicir, Jali-jali, Lenggang Kangkung, Keroncong Kemayoran, Surilang, dan Terang Bulan .
  2. West Java: Bubuy Bulan, Cing Cangkeling, Es Lilin, Karatagan Pahlawan, Manuk Dadali, Panon Hideung, Peuyeum Bandung, Pileuleuyan, dan Tokecang.
  3. Banten: Dayung Sampan.
  4. East Java: Keraban Sape dan Tanduk Majeng.
  5. Central Java: Gambang Suling, Gek Kepriye, Gundul Pacul, Ilir-ilir, Jamuran, Bapak Pucung, Yen Ing Tawang Ono Lintang, Stasiun Balapan.
  6. Yogyakarta: Pitik Tukung, Sinom, Suwe Ora Jamu, Te Kate Dipanah.
  7. Bali: Mejangeran dan Ratu Anom.

C. Various Cultures in Kalimantan Island and Nusa Tenggara


This island earned the nickname Warunadwipa ( island god of the sea ). Some terms were first used for Kalimantan Island. Not inferior to the two islands we have discussed above, Kalimantan has its own distinctive characteristics of culture.

a. Custom Home
  1. West Kalimantan: Rumah Panjang
  2. East Kalimantan: Rumah Lamin
  3. Central Kalimantan: Rumah Bentang
  4. South Kalimantan: Rumah Banjar
  5. Nusa Tenggara Barat: Dalam Tempat Samawa
  6. Nusa Tenggara Timur: Sao Ata Nusa Lakitana
b. Dance
  1. Nusa Tenggara Timur: Caci, Caci Melo, Likurai, Bidu, Tebe, Bonet, Pado'a, dan Rokatenda.
  2. Kalimantan: Tari Banjar, Tari Kanjar, Manasai, Tari Pedang, Tari Giring-Giring, Tari Pala, Tari Pinggan, dan Tari Hudog.
  3. Nusa Tenggara Barat: Oncer Batu Gandrung.
  4. Nusa Tenggara Timur: Oha dan Lego-lego.
c. Folk Song
  1. West Kalimantan: Cik-Cik Periuk, Cak Uncang, Batu Ballah, Alok Galing, Tandak Sambas , Sungai Sambas Kebanjiran, dan Alon-Alon .
  2. East Kalimantan: Indung-Indung.
  3. Central Kalimantan: Kalayar dan Pulau Lempang .
  4. South Kalimantan: Ampar-Ampar Pisang, Paris Barantai, dan Saputangan Bapuncu Ampat .
  5. Nusa Tenggara Barat: Helele U Ala De Teang, Moree, Orlen-Orlen, Pai Mura Rame, Tebe Onana, dan Tutu Koda .
  6. Nusa Tenggara Timur: Anak Kambing Saya, Oras Loro Malirin, Sonbilo, Tebe Onana, Ofalangga, Do Hawu, Bolelebo, Lewo Ro Piring Sina, Bengu Re Le Kaju, Aku Retang, Gaila Ruma Radha, Desaku, Flobamora, dan Pangkas Bebek Angsa

D. Various Cultures in Sulawesi Island and Maluku


Sulawesi stake comes from the word meaning 'island and iron', while the Arabs call Sulawesi with Sholibis. Maluku has the original name "Jazirah al - Mulk' that means' collection/Peninsula kingdoms consisting of small kingdoms'. Maluku is known as Thousand Islands region as well as having social and cultural diversity and abundant natural resources.

The Dutch call it 'the three golden from the east that Ternate, Banda, and Ambon. Before the arrival of the Dutch, Portuguese writer and physician, Tome Perez wrote the book "Summa Oriental" who have inscribed on Ternate, Ambon, and Banda as 'the spices island'. 

Here cultures in Sulawesi and Maluku:

a. Custom Home
  1. North Sulawesi: Baolaang Mongandow.
  2. Southeast Sulawesi: Liakos.
  3. Central Sulawesi: Sauraja.
  4. South Sulawesi: Tongkonan (Tana Toraja), Bola Soba (Bugis Bone), dan Balla Lompoa (Makassar Gowa).
  5. Maluku: Baileo.
b. Dance
  1. North Sulawesi: Maengket dan Polopalo.
  2. Central Sulawesi: Dero.
  3. South Sulawesi: Pajoge, Tari Pakarena, Tarian Anging Mamiri, dan Tari Padduppa.
  4. Southeast Sulawesi: Tari Malulo.
  5. Gorontalo: Tari Saronde, Tari Elengge, Tari Dana-Dana, Tari Polopalo, dan Tari Pore-Pore.
  6. Maluku and North Maluku: Cakalele, Orlapei, dan Katreji.
c. Folk Song
  1. Central Sulawesi: Tondok Kadadingku, Tope Tugu
  2. West Sulawesi: Bulu Londong, Malluya, Io-Io, Ma'pararuk
  3. South Sulawesi: Angin Mamiri, Pakarena, Sulawesi Parasanganta, Ma Rencong.
  4. North Sulawesi: Esa Mokan, O Ina Ni Keke, Si Patokaan, dan Sitara Tillo.
  5. Southeast Sulawesi: Peia Tawa-Tawa
  6. Gorontalo: Hulondalo li Pu'u , Bulalo Lo Limutu , dan Wanu Mamo Leleyangi
  7. Maluku: Rasa Sayang-sayange, Ayo Mama, Buka Pintu, Burung Tantina, Goro-Gorone, Huhatee, Kole-Kole, Mande-Mande, Ole Sioh, O Ulate, Sarinande, dan Tanase


D. Various Cultures in Papua


Although in terms of Papuan culture is slightly different from the other islands, the existence of quite interesting and unique culture.

a. Custom Home : Honai, Rumah Kariwari
b. Dance : Perang, Musyoh, dan Yosim Pancar
d. Folk Song : Apuse dan Yamko Rambe Yamko

There are many types of cultures in Indonesia, both in the form of traditional houses, dances, and folk songs that we can not mention in its entirety on this article. Hopefully, we can display on our next paper. So that we can serve it, may provide useful information to the reader.

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