Saman, Tradisional Dance from Aceh - Indonesia

Among the diverse dances from all over Indonesia, Saman dance included in the category of dance that was very interesting. The uniqueness lies in the Saman dance movements were so amazing compactness. The saman dancers can move in unison to the rhythm of musical harmony. Movements are orderly as the body is moved, danced with a compact, following the dynamic sang songs. It's interesting, is not it? Nothing wrong with many Saman dance captivate the audience dance. Not only from Indonesia, but also from abroad. Now, let us examine more deeply about this unique dance.

History of Saman Dance

Why is this dance called Saman? Saman calls this dance because it was created by a cleric named Sheikh Saman Gayo in about the XIV century AD, from the Gayo highlands. Originally, this dance is just a game of the people who called Pok Ane. However, then added accompaniment poems contain hymns to God and accompanied by the clapping of the dancer's combination. At that time, Saman dance became one of the media propaganda.

At first, Saman dance only displayed for certain events, especially when celebrating the anniversary of the prophet Muhammad or called to commemorate the birth of Prophet Muhammad.

Typically, Saman dance displayed under the under Meunasah (similar Urau stage). However, over the ages, the Saman dance, too grown up to its use became more frequent. Now, the Saman dance can be classified as dance entertainment/show, for dance performances are not bound by time, specific events or ceremonies.

Saman dance can be displayed on any occasion that is the hustle and excitement, such as birthday parties, weddings or other celebrations. To place, Saman dance usually done in the house, the grounds, and there is also a stage.

Saman dance usually displayed is guided by a leader, commonly called Sheikh. Saman dancers and Sheikh should be able to work well together in order to create a compact and harmonious movement.

Tari Saman established as a UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Man in the 6th Session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of UNESCO Tak objects in Bali, November 24, 2011

Meaning and Function

Saman dance used as a medium of propaganda. Before Saman starts, performing traditional leaders to represent the local community. Traditional leaders provide useful advice to the players and spectators. Poetry in singing in Saman also contains advice-advice and propaganda.

But today, the function of Saman dance be shifted. This dance so often serves as a medium of entertainment at parties, celebrations, and other events.

In the Saman dance, there are five kinds of chant: 
  1. Rengum, namely as the opening or the Preamble of Saman (ie after the previous keketar opening speech). Rengum is imitations of sound. So ends directly connected concurrently with the sentence contained therein, inter alia in the form of a compliment to someone who likened, to the object, or to plants.
  2. Ringer, ie rengum soon to be followed by all the dancers.
  3. Redet, namely a short song with a short sound sung by a dancer in the middle of the dance.
  4. Syek, the song sung by a dancer with a long high-pitched voice, usually as a sign of change in motion.
  5. Saur, the song is repeated by all the dancers after sung by a solo dancer.

Movements of Saman Dance

Usually, Saman dance played by a dozen or dozens of men . but the numbers must be odd. However, in the subsequent development, this dance is also played by women. Another opinion says this dance is danced less than 10 people, with details of 8 dancers and 2 as the giver cue while singing. However, developments in the modern era require that a dance it will be more lively when danced by dancers with higher numbers. This is where the role of Sheikh, he had to organize the movement and sang hymns Saman.

Costumes Used

Saman costume or special clothing is divided into three parts:
  1. At the head: bulung teleng or tengkuluk basic black cloth square. Two terms are embroidered with threads such as clothes, edit kepies.
  2. On the body: the basic dress/shirt open work (basic black dress, embroidered in white thread, green and red, embroidered waist portion kedawek and kekait, shirt short-handed) pants and sarong.
  3. On hand: the mask bracelet, handkerchiefs. Similarly, in the use of color, according to tradition contains certain values, because it is the color indicates the identity of the wearer. These colors reflect compactness, wisdom, strength, courage, and harmony.

Saman dance is very interesting. Saman dance performances are not only popular in our own country, but also popular in foreign countries such as Australia and Europe. More recently in the saman dance shows in Australia to commemorate the catastrophic tsunami on December 26, 2006. Therefore, we should be proud of the art we have and preserve it from extinction.

1 Response to "Saman, Tradisional Dance from Aceh - Indonesia"

  1. Nice posting about. Saman traditional dance from aceh. Thats is true. Nice template in this blog. can I use it?


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