17 Traditional Dances of Aceh (Indonesia)

Aceh is one of the areas in Indonesia that has traditional dance art that is interesting and popular, it shows the creativity of the nation's children in Aceh, although far from the capital and is one of the most ending areas directly adjacent to other countries.

Aceh or known as Nangro Aceh Darussalam has its distinctive culture and art, so this becomes one of the main attraction that becomes the value of tourism in Aceh. This Aceh dance can be presented as a tour package because there is a creative human resource that really understands and enjoy the arts of Aceh. It is also supported by full-fledged dance artists who want to learn earnestly for the purpose of presentation of cultural tour packages.

From the various cultures in Aceh, dance is one of the most popular cultures of this region that is able to represent the existence of art in the archipelago, not only that, the art of dance from Aceh is often performed in various regions abroad. The art of this culture has become a very interesting package because it shows to its own characteristics, its processing requires aesthetic ability and the future view which is in accordance with the ideal base of society and does not deviate from the personality traits of the Aceh people who are Islamic and do not save from the spirit of Islam And this is evident in a variety of dances, both for Saman, Debus, Ranup Lampuan and other traditional arts. The Arts of Dance from Aceh are as follows:

17 Traditional Dances of Aceh (Indonesia)

1. Laweut Dance

Laweut Dance : Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)
Laweut Dance: Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)

Laweut comes from the word Seulawet, flattery to the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W this dance is offered by eight women who are also called Seudati Iring. This dance is used to convey messages in religious education and development.

2. Likok Pulo Dance

Likok Pulo : Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)
Likok Pulo : Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)

Likok Pulo Dance is a traditional dance originating from Aceh, Indonesia. "Likok" means dance movement, while "Pulo" means island. Pulo here refers to a small island on the northern tip of Sumatra Island which is also called Pulau Breuh, or Pulau Beras.

This dance was born around 1849, created by an elderly cleric originating from Arabs drifting in the sea and stranded in Pulo Aceh. This dance is held after planting rice or after the rice harvest, usually, the show is held at night even if the contested dance can run all night until morning. The dance is played in a sitting position kneeling, shoulder to shoulder.

3. Pho Dance

Pho Dance : Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)
Pho Dance: Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)

Pho Dance is a dance originating from Aceh. The word Pho comes from the word peubae, peubae means to mourn or wail. Pho is a call or a tribute to the servant's people to the Almighty that is Po Teu Allah. When the deceased king is called Po Teumeureuhom.

This dance is performed by the women, formerly usually done on the deaths of great men and kings, based on supplication to the Almighty, grieving sadness of hearts in the face of misfortune or wailing of sorrows accompanied by crying. Since the development of Islam, this dance is no longer highlighted at the time of death and has become a folk art that is often displayed in traditional ceremonies.

4. Ranub Lampuan Dance

Ranub Lampuan: Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)
Ranub Lampuan: Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)

Ranub Lampuan Dance is very famous in Aceh. This dance is usually played to welcome honorable guests and officials visiting Aceh. The dance is also featured on special occasions, such as the Preh Linto show, Tueng Dara Baro. This dance is played by seven female dancers and is accompanied by traditional musical instruments Seurunee Kalee. The dancer in his hand holds the Cerana or Puan which inside contains the betel (ranub) that will be given to the guests as a sign of the glory for his guests. Dance Ranub Lampuan composition of Tarian Aceh.

5. Rapa'i Geleng Dance

Rapa'i Geleng: Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)
Rapa'i Geleng: Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)

Rapai is a type of tambourine that is usually used to accompany a song or dance. The game of Rapai has been developed and accompanied by beautiful songs and various beautiful swing. This is a breakthrough appearance of a new dance called "Rapai Geleng". This dance is played by 11 to 12 dancers and each of them plays Rapai (small tambourine). While playing Rapai and singing songs, they perform various body movements ie hand, head, and others. The dancers' movements are almost identical to the Saman dance but use the Rapai. The dance is also very enjoyable and enjoyable.

6. Ratéb Meuseukat Dance

Rateb Meuseukat: Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)
Rateb Meuseukat: Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)

The name Ratéb Meuseukat comes from the Arabic word ratéb from ratib word meaning worship and meuseukat origin of the word sakat which means silence.

The Meuseukat dance is a very pious dance in Aceh originating from the district of Aceh Selatan. This dance is played by 10 or 12 dancers and 2 singers. Especially for women taking a position by sitting or kneeling in a row and making body movements with hands and head. Songs that contain praise or prayers that begin with slow motion until fast movement.

7. Ratoh Duek Dance

Ratoh Duek Dance: Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)
Ratoh Duek Dance: Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)

Ratoh Duek Dance is an Acehnese dance that is growing rapidly in Jakarta. Generally, the people of Jakarta know and call it by the name of Saman Dance. There is almost no difference between the two types of dance, Ratoh Duek dance performed by female dancers, while Saman dance performed by male dancers.

8. Seudati Dance

Seudati is a blend of sound art and dance art. Art Seudati is a type of art created after the standing of the Islamic community of Aceh that serves as da'wah and entertainment. Seudati also named Saman which comes from an Arabic word meaning eight. Named saman because the players consist of eight people namely Sheikh and his assistants dressed in uniform, the pantaloons black or white pants, white long-sleeved shirts, at the head of the dancers wear Tangkulok.

9. Tarek Pukat Dance

Tarek Pukat: Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)
Tarek Pukat: Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)

This dance is a dance that is lifted from the life of coastal Aceh fishermen is making a net "Pukat" and catch fish with nets in the middle of the sea. The atmosphere attracts trawling in the hope of getting a much-declared fish with a zeal of hard work and cheerful joy that once sounded happy sea-handlers.

10. Saman Dance

Saman: Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)
Saman: Traditional Dance Of Aceh (Indonesia)

Saman Dance was created and developed by an Islamic figure named Syeh Saman, he created his poetry by using Arabic and Acehnese language with the accompaniment of hand movements and poetry which in turn made the atmosphere of happiness, chest movement, pat on the knee, With matching movement and speed to be his distinctive cherry.

11. Bines Dance

Dance Bines is a traditional dance originating from Gayo Lues district. This dance appeared and developed in Central Aceh but was later brought to East Aceh. According to the history of this dance was introduced by a scholar named Syech Saman in order da'wah.Tari this is danced by the women by sitting in a row while singing poems containing da'wah or information development. The dancers do the movement slowly then gradually become fast and eventually stop instantly simultaneously.

This dance is also part of the Saman Dance during its appearance. The interesting thing about Bines dance is that some time they are given money by youth from the village of invitation by putting it on the head of a dancing woman.

12. Didong Dance

Didong is a Gayo folk art that combines elements of dance, vocals, and literature. Didong started since the time of Reje Linge XIII. One artist who cares about this art is Abdul Kadir To`et. Art Didong more favored by the people of Takengon and Bener Meriah.

Some argue that the word "Didong" approaches the meaning of the word "Denang" or "Donang" meaning "singing while working or for entertaining hearts or together with sounds". And, some argue that Didong comes from the words "Din" and "Dong". "Din" means Religion and "Dong" means Da'wah.

One group of art Didong usually consists of the "ceh" and other members called "mountain". The number can reach 30 people, consisting of 4-5 people ceh and the rest is a mountain. Ceh is a person who is required to have a complete talent and have high creativity. He must be able to create poems and be able to sing. Mastery of the songs is also necessary because one song does not necessarily fit with different literary works. Members of this group Didong general men. However, today there are also members of adult women. In addition, there are also groups of adolescents. In fact, there are also mixed youth groups (men and women). In this mixed group usually, women are limited only as a Céh. Equipment used in the beginning of the pillow (hand clap) and hand (clapping of the players). However, in subsequent developments, there are also those who use flutes, harmonica, and other musical instruments inserted with a relatively simple companion movement, which moves the body forward or sideways.

13. Guel Dance

Guel dance is one of the cultural treasures of Gayo in Aceh. Guel means to ring. Especially in the highland area of Gayo, this dance has a long and unique story. The researchers and dance choreographers say this dance is not just a dance. He is a composite of literary art, music art, and dance art itself.

Guel dance is divided into four standard chains. Consists of the round of Mu Natap, Round II Dep, Round III Ketibung, Round IV Chicken Jackfruit. A variety of motion or basic motion is Salam Semah (Munatap), Kepur Nunguk, Sining Leech, Semer Kaleng (Sengker Kalang), Dah-Boards.

While the number of dancers in its development consists of groups of men and women ranging from 8-10 (Women), 2-4 (Men). Male Dancers in every appearance always appear as symbols and prima donna, symbolizing safe Manyak or Lintoe Baroe and Guru Didong. The number of drummers usually at least 4 people who beat canang, gong, gegedem, and memong.

14. Ulaan-Ula Dancing Dance

Ulu-ula Lembing Dance is a dance area of Aceh Tamiang. The Dancing Ula-ula dance is performed by 12 or more people spinning around the stage like a snake. This dance should be performed with a lively and cheerful inspiration. Ulu-ula Lembing Dance is one of the regional dances of Aceh Tamiang District. This dance is danced in a circular resembling a snake, with a lively and dynamic movement.

15. Cangklak Dance

Dance delegates beautiful, elegant, energetic and slightly flirtatious women with a variety of accessories that are worn around the elegant curve of her body, as well as complimentary clothing that is always used and similar with women such as umbrellas, fans, handkerchiefs, a combination of motion and dance that sells in Aceh A typical Malay dance from eastern Aceh.

16. Meusago Dance

Meusago here defined as angular, square and ending so complete the problems faced and human worship with human beings, with various life faced and worship or relationship with God, this dance idea as a symbol of mutual cooperation and brotherhood is a form of unity, a fan of goods Meaningful but simultaneous constellation is presented as a benefit to life.

17. Rapai Daboh

Rapai Daboh is a game of dexterity or immunity. The Rapai Daboh game consists of a sheikh with a title "Khalifah", some drummer Reba (Rapai), and some Rencong or other sharp weapons, whilst they are beating a tambourine beating his chant while singing with certain songs continue to pierce the members Bodies with the greatest, sometimes Rencong become bent, all under the leadership/supervision of the caliph. What is the reason that their bodies are not eaten by weapons, this is according to them because of the belief that the one who is in power is only the Creator while the creatures are equally powerless; So iron beings and human beings are creatures. When the drummers are hitting the tambourine as great as it is, the Rencong players concentrate all their thoughts on the above beliefs, not to be swayed at all, and if the shake must be the weapon will eat their bodies.

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